BMW 3 Series E30
since 1983-1994 release
Repair and operation of the car
+ 1. Maintenance instruction
- 2. Maintenance
2.2. The recommended lubricants and liquids
2.3. Frequency of service
2.4. Features of routine maintenance of the car
2.5. General information on additional maintenance
2.6. Check of level of liquids
2.7. Check of a condition of tires and pressure in tires
2.8. Replacement of oil in the engine and an oil filter
2.9. Check and restoration of level of liquid in a wheel
2.10. Check of level of liquid in automatic transmission
2.11. Shift of wheels
2.12. Check and replacement of hoses in a motor compartment
2.13. Check, adjustment and replacement of belts of the drive of hinged units
2.14. Check and adjustment of turns and quality of mix (SO) of idling
2.15. Check of a state and battery charging
2.16. Check and replacement of candles
2.17. Check of high-voltage wires, runner and cover of the distributor
2.18. Check of level of oil in the manual transmission
2.19. Check of level of oil in the main transfer
2.20. Check and adjustment of gaps in valves (except the M40 engine)
2.21. Draft of a butterfly valve
2.22. Replacement of the air filter
2.23. Check of fuel system
2.24. Check of the cooling system
2.25. Check of the exhaust system
2.26. Check of shock-absorbers, suspension bracket and steering
2.27. Check of covers of half shafts
2.28. Check of brakes
2.29. Check of brushes of screen wipers
2.30. Replacement of liquid in automatic transmission and the filter
2.31. The cooling system – replacement of liquid and washing
2.32. Replacement of the fuel filter
2.33. Replacement of oil in the manual transmission
2.34. Replacement of oil in a case of the main transfer
2.35. Check of system of catching of vapors of gasoline (EVAP system)
2.36. Installation of the light alarm system of need of servicing
2.37. Replacement of a gear belt
+ 3. Engine
+ 4. Cooling system
+ 5. Heating and ventilation
+ 6. Fuel system
+ 7. Exhaust system
+ 8. Transmissions
+ 9. Coupling
+ 10. Brake system
+ 11. Running gear
+ 12. Body
+ 13. Electric equipment
+ 14. Useful tips
Arrangement of knots and units in a motor compartment of the car 318i (1988) for Great Britain, left-side view
Arrangement of knots and units in a motor compartment of the car 318i (1988), right-side view
Bottom view of a forward part of the car 318i (1988)
Typical bottom view of a back part of the car
Arrangement of knots and units in a motor compartment of the car 320i of a series 2
Bottom view of a forward part of the car 320i of a series 2
In this manual the term "additional maintenance" belongs to set of the performed works, but not to the concrete procedure. If from the moment of acquisition of the new car in accuracy to observe a maintenance order, to carry out frequent inspections of level of liquids and details subject to the increased wear, then at the engine high operational qualities will remain and the volume of additional works will be minimized.
Irregular maintenance can become the main reason for abnormal operation of the engine. Especially it concerns the engine of the acquired not new car which was not exposed to regular checks. In such cases besides periodic maintenance, it is necessary to perform additional adjustment works.
Any kind of works on maintenance, or search of the reason of abnormal operation of the engine should be begun with check of a compression in cylinders. Check of a compression in cylinders gives valuable information of rather general condition of many details of the internal device of the engine which can be used as fundamental both for the current maintenance, and for repair procedures. If, for example, compression such is that strong wear of the engine is obvious, then routine maintenance will not lead to restoration of normal operational qualities and all works come down to an excessive waste of time and money.
The list of works which performance often leads to recovery of normal operation of the engine is given below.
Check all hoses in a motor compartment.
Check a condition of belts of the drive, if necessary adjust.
Clear, examine and check the battery.
Replace spark plugs.
Check high-voltage wires, cover and the runner of the distributor of ignition.
Check a condition of the air filter.
Check the cooling system.Main adjustment works
Perform all minor works and those which are listed below:
Check system of ignition.
Check system of a charge of the battery.
Check fuel system.
Replace wires, cover and the runner of the distributor of ignition.