BMW 3 Series E30
since 1983-1994 release
Repair and operation of the car
+ 1. Maintenance instruction
+ 2. Maintenance
+ 3. Engine
+ 4. Cooling system
+ 5. Heating and ventilation
+ 6. Fuel system
+ 7. Exhaust system
+ 8. Transmissions
+ 9. Coupling
+ 10. Brake system
+ 11. Running gear
+ 12. Body
+ 13. Electric equipment
- 14. Useful tips
14.2. The changed numbers
14.3. Purchase of the old car or mysterious set of figures and letters
14.4. Durability of the car
14.5. About parallelism of bridges of the car and trailer
14.6. Preparation of the car for winter
14.7. Rule 35
14.8. Choice of the used car
14.9. Engine oils
14:10. What needs to be known, changing oil
14:11. Emergence in deposit oil
14:12. Whether it is possible to mix import oils?
14:13. "Eats" much, but quietly goes
14:14. It is rather live, than is dead …
14:15. It is not got - useful tips
14:16. Visit to car service
14:17. A gear belt for the gas distribution mechanism drive
14:18. Wear of pistons
14:20. Bearings of engines
14:21. Pollution of the engine
14:22. As the conditioner works and what to do if it failed
14:23. Conditioner: not only "pluses", but also "minuses"
14:24. Rules of service of the conditioner
14:25. Antifreeze you should not disturb with antifreeze …
14:26. What should be known upon purchase of the air filter
14:27. Engine overheat
14:28. What should be known to the owner of the car with the injector engine
14:30. Possible malfunctions of the rechargeable battery
14:31. What to do with the failed generator
14:32. The belt is guilty, and we blame the generator
14:34. Rub in one - or how to save the catalyst
14:36. Features of operation of the brake system
14:37. Malfunctions of the brake system
14:38. Brake fluids
14:39. ABS: natural choice
14:41. We update rims
14:42. Scheme of marking of a car tire
14:43. Metal corrosion
14:45. What creaks?
14:47. Safety cushion: troubles or pleasures?
14:48. We fit well?
14:49. Anticreeping "immunodeficiency"
14:50. Why headlights grow dull
14:52. About the correct adjustment of headlights
14:53. Electric motor
14:54. From change of the places "composed" nothing changes?
Or how to achieve the most effective lighting
Let's talk about why over time headlights begin to give dim light, perhaps, and sufficient on the desert highway, but absolutely inefficient on recovered, especially, if the counter flow is big.
Sometimes sin on the generator and the regulator of tension, in it there is a grain of truth: malfunctions of these devices are noticeable by the "movement" of a light stream as if submitting to quantity of turns of the engine. It is clear, that unimportant operation of the generator and regulator of a napryadeniye influences not only on efficiency of headlights – first of all the accumulator suffers, or not receiving a full-fledged charge, or opposite – receiving it there is a lot from what electrolyte "boils". Headlights in this case play only an indicator role though excess tension strongly reduces a resource of lamps. Constant dim radiation arises for other reasons: or strongly the reflector becomes soiled or becomes covered by corrosion, or the internal surface of a flask of a lamp becomes covered by a dark raid.
If durability of a reflector depends on many factors about which we still will talk, then even quite serviceable lamp "gathers" a dark raid for some 30–50 thousand kilometers. Efficiency it in that case percent is 20 lower than new.
The reflector "lives" longer. In modern cars the reflector and glass of a headlight are, so to speak, an integrated whole that in the first, of course, turn provides the most optimum light bunch, and in the second – tightness. The lack of tightness promoted penetration in a headlight of dust which burned then on a reflector and reduced its vsetootdacha. The same happened also to the moisture which was actively condensed on a reflector that caused corrosion.
Tried to fight against corrosion in some improbable way about five years ago, filling in red brake fluid in a headlight. The fashion for this, rather harmful, than useful invention passed, but other extreme – pleksiglazovy "points" on glasses appeared. Except that such protection reduces luminous efficiency, "smearing" the direction of beams, it causes strong heating and an obgoraniye of a reflector. What in that case use from the glass protected from stones if the reflector suffers – not clear, especially, how it was already told, glass and a reflector nowadays represent an integrated whole? By the way, therefore there is no sense to buy "lens" separately: never to achieve good light from such headlight.
At last, as for adjustments. Even the most excellent headlights supplied with halogen lamps can be on the way useless if they are adjusted somehow. Not everyone and not always has an opportunity to make adjustments at the stand. Therefore very quite good results are yielded by the old, well tested ways of "house" adjustment. The car is installed on the flat platform, measure 30 meters and put on a mark, let us assume, brick. One of headlights included on passing beam something is veiled, and in the second – rotate adjusting screws so that vertically to bring limit of illumination to the put brick. The same is done also with other headlight. Driving beam is regulated in the horizontal direction, but already without brick: here it is important to achieve that bunches from both headlights did not fork and did not meet in the middle.